Year 2017, Volume 2 , Issue 1, Pages 23 - 25 2017-04-25

Siyah kıllı dil: vaka serisi
Black hairy tongue: a case series

Yasemin Korkut [1] , Nazlı Dizen namdar [2]


Giriş:  Siyah kıllı dil; filiform papillaların dil dorsumunda deskuame olamaması ve hipertrofisi sonucu kadifemsi plak oluşturması durumudur.

Vaka Sunumu: Polikliniğimize farklı şikâyetlerle başvuran siyah kıllı dil tespit edilen dört hasta vaka olarak sunulmuştur.

Tartışma: Siyah kıllı dilin etyopatogenezi tam olarak bilinmemekle birlikte pek çok predispozan faktör ileri sürülmüştür. Tanısı klinik bulgular ve öyküye dayalı olan siyah kıllı dil tedavisinde tetikleyici faktörlerin önlenmesi, gıda ve su alımının düzenlenmesi, dilin mekanik temizliği önemlidir. Antiseptik solüsyonlar, topikal tretinoin diğer tedaviler arasındadır.

Sonuç: Aile hekimleri birinci basamakta sigara içen hastalarında nadiren de olsa siyah kıllı dil gelişebileceğini göz önünde bulundurmalıdır.

Introduction:  Black hairy tongue occurs as a result of inability desquamation and hyperthrophy of filiforme papilla on the dorsum of the tongue which also cause as the creation of velvety plaques.

Case Presentation:  Four patients with black hairy tongue who were referred to our clinic with different complaints were presented as cases.

Discussion: Although the etiopathogenesis of the black hairy louse is not completely known, many predisposing factors have been proposed. Prevention of triggering factors, the regulation of food and water, mechanical cleaning of the language is important in the treatment of black hairy tongue. Medical treatment includes antiseptic solutions, topical tretinoin.

Conclusion:  Family physicians should consider that in first-stage smokers patients may rarely develop black hairy language.

  • 1. Gurvits GE, Tan A. Black hairy tongue syndrome. World J Gastroenterol. 2014;21:10845-10850.
  • 2. Kalkan G, Baş Y, Seçkin HY, Karahan S. Altmış Beş Yaşında Diyabetik Kadın Hastada Siyah Kıllı Dil. Selçuk Tıp Derg. 2014;30:184-185.
  • 3. Thompson DF, Kessler TL. Drug- Induced Black Hairy Tongue Pharmacotherapy. 2010;30:585-93.
  • 4. Lawoyia D,Brown RS. Drug-Induced Black Hairy Tongue: Diagnosis and Management Challenges. Dent Today 2008;27:60-2.
  • 5. Farman AG. Hairy tongue (lingua villosa). J Oral Med. 1977;32:85-91.
  • 6. Heymann WR. Psychotropic agent-induced black hairy tongue. Cutis 2000;66:25-26.
  • 7. Manabe M, Lim HW, Winzer M, Loomis CA. Architectural organization of filiform papillae in normal and black hairy tongue epithelium:disection of differentiation pathways in a complex human epithelium according to their patterns of keratin expression. Arch Dermatol 1999;135:177-181.
  • 8. Kurukahvecioğlu S, Kocatürk S, Yardımcı S. et al. Kıllı dil olgu sunumu KBB-Forum 2003;2.
  • 9. Essential Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery K.J.Lee, 3th Edition Appleton and Lange Stamford, Connecticut,pp:464.
  • 10. Winer L. Black Hairy Tongue. Arch Dermatol 1958;77:97-103.
  • 11. McCarthy F. A clınıcal and pathologıc study of oral dısease. JAMA 1941;116:16-21.
  • 12. Avcu N, Kanlı A. The prevalence of tongue lesions in 5150 Turkish dental outpatients. Oral Dis 2003;9:188-95
  • 13. Jahanbani J, Sandvik L, Lyberg T,3 and Ahlfors E. Evaluation of Oral Mucosal Lesions in 598 Referred Iranian Patients. Open Dent J. 2009; 3: 42–47.
  • 14. Kargın N, Marakoğlu K. Sigara içmeyle ilişkili nadir bir olgu: Siyah dil gelişimi. Türkiye Aile Hekimliği Derg. 2015;19: 97-98.
  • 15. Andersson G, Vala EK, Curvall M. The influence of cigarette consumption and smoking machine yields of tar and nicotine on the nicotine uptake and oral mucosal lesions in smokers. J Oral Pathol Med 1997;26:117-123.
  • 16. Mirbod SM, Ahing SI. Tobacco-associated lesions of the oral cavity: Part I. Nonmalignant lesions. J Can Dent Assoc 2000;66:252-256.
  • 17. Mc Gregor JM, Hay RJ. Oral retinoids to treat black hairs tongue. Clinic Exp Dermatol 1993;18:291.
  • 18. Allen CM, Blozis GG. Oral mucosal lesions. Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery. Ed: Cummings CW, Second Edition 1992;76 pp:1379.
  • 19. Chakraborty P, Pulai D. Black Hairy Tongue (Lingua Villosa Nigra). Journal of the association of physicians of İndia 2013;12:61.
Primary Language en
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Published Date Apr 2017
Journal Section Case Report
Authors

Author: Yasemin Korkut
Institution: DUMLUPINAR ÜNİVERSİTESİ, TIP FAKÜLTESİ, DAHİLİ TIP BİLİMLERİ BÖLÜMÜ, AİLE HEKİMLİĞİ ANABİLİM DALI
Country: Turkey


Author: Nazlı Dizen namdar
Institution: Dumlupınar Üniversitesi, Tıp Fakültesi, Deri ve Zührevi Hastalıklar Ana Bilim Dalı, Kütahya
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : January 3, 2017
Acceptance Date : April 18, 2017
Publication Date : April 25, 2017

Bibtex @case report { fppc283319, journal = {Family Practice and Palliative Care}, issn = {2458-8865}, eissn = {2459-1505}, address = {}, publisher = {SERNEV}, year = {2017}, volume = {2}, pages = {23 - 25}, doi = {10.22391/920.283319}, title = {Black hairy tongue: a case series}, key = {cite}, author = {Korkut, Yasemin and Dizen namdar, Nazlı} }
APA Korkut, Y , Dizen namdar, N . (2017). Black hairy tongue: a case series. Family Practice and Palliative Care , 2 (1) , 23-25 . DOI: 10.22391/920.283319
MLA Korkut, Y , Dizen namdar, N . "Black hairy tongue: a case series". Family Practice and Palliative Care 2 (2017 ): 23-25 <http://www.fppc.com.tr/en/issue/28840/283319>
Chicago Korkut, Y , Dizen namdar, N . "Black hairy tongue: a case series". Family Practice and Palliative Care 2 (2017 ): 23-25
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Black hairy tongue: a case series AU - Yasemin Korkut , Nazlı Dizen namdar Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.22391/920.283319 DO - 10.22391/920.283319 T2 - Family Practice and Palliative Care JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 23 EP - 25 VL - 2 IS - 1 SN - 2458-8865-2459-1505 M3 - doi: 10.22391/920.283319 UR - https://doi.org/10.22391/920.283319 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Family Practice and Palliative Care Black hairy tongue: a case series %A Yasemin Korkut , Nazlı Dizen namdar %T Black hairy tongue: a case series %D 2017 %J Family Practice and Palliative Care %P 2458-8865-2459-1505 %V 2 %N 1 %R doi: 10.22391/920.283319 %U 10.22391/920.283319
ISNAD Korkut, Yasemin , Dizen namdar, Nazlı . "Black hairy tongue: a case series". Family Practice and Palliative Care 2 / 1 (April 2017): 23-25 . https://doi.org/10.22391/920.283319
AMA Korkut Y , Dizen namdar N . Black hairy tongue: a case series. Fam Pract Palliat Care. 2017; 2(1): 23-25.
Vancouver Korkut Y , Dizen namdar N . Black hairy tongue: a case series. Family Practice and Palliative Care. 2017; 2(1): 25-23.