Year 2019, Volume 4 , Issue 2, Pages 39 - 45 2019-08-20

Van ili birinci basamak sağlık hizmetlerinde çalışan kadınların serviks kanserine ilişkin bilgi tutum ve davranışlarının değerlendirilmesi
Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors about cervical cancer among women working in primary ‎health care ‎services in Van

Dincer Atila [1] , Ferhat Ekinci [2] , Mehpare Altay [3]


Giriş:‎ Bu çalışmada, Van ili birinci basamak sağlık hizmetlerinde çalışan kadınların serviks kanserine ‎ilişkin bilgi ve davranışlarının araştırılması amaçlanmıştır.‎

Yöntem: Birinci basamakta çalışan 194 kadından 164’üne (%85,4) demografik bilgileri içeren soruların yanında serviks kanseri bilgisini ölçen sekiz adet, serviks kanseriyle ilgili tutum ölçen iki adet ve serviks kanseriyle ilgili davranış ölçen dört adet sorudan oluşan bir anket kendi kendine doldurma yöntemiyle uygulandı.‎

Bulgular:‎ Katılımcıların yaş ortalaması 30,20±5,17 yıl idi. Kadınların ‎‎%53,7’si (n=88) üniversite mezunu ve %54,0’ü (n=88) bekârdı‎. Katılımcıların ortanca bilgi puanı 6 (1. çeyrek 4; 3. Çeyrek 6) idi. Katılımcıların %17,8’i (n=29) düzenli jinekolojik muayene olmuş, sadece %19,2’si (n=23) Pap smear ‎testi yaptırmıştı. Üniversite mezunu olanların ‎bilgi puanı lise ve altı eğitimi olanlardan (Z=3,21; p=0,001), evli olanların bilgi puanı bekâr ‎olanlardan (Z=2,89; p=0,004) ve Pap smear testi yaptıranların bilgi puanı yaptırmayanlardan ‎‎(Z=2,85; p=0,004) daha yüksekti.

Sonuç: Bu araştırmada birinci basamakta sağlık hizmeti veren kadınların SKa ve Pap smear ile ilgili ‎bilgi düzeyleri genel olarak yüksek bulunmuş olmakla birlikte, uygulamaları düşük bulunmuştur. Diğer taraftan, katılımcıların sağlık ‎çalışanları olduğu düşünüldüğünde sonuçları daha iyi olması beklenebilirdi. ‎Koruyucu sağlık hizmetlerini topluma aktarma ve uygulama görevi bulunan birinci basamak sağlık çalışanlarının bilgi ve davranış eksikliklerinin giderilmesi için hizmet içi eğitimlerin artırılmasının ‎yararlı olacağı düşünülmektedir.‎

Introduction: This study aimed to investigate the knowledge and behaviors of cervical cancer among women working in primary health care services in Van.

Methods: Among the 194 women working in primary care settings, 164 (85.4%) completed a self-administered questionnaire containing questions on demographic knowledge, cervical cancer knowledge (eight questions), attitudes related to cervical cancer (two questions), and cervical cancer-related behaviors (two questions).

Results: The mean age of the participants was 30.20±5.17 years. Of the women, 53.7% (n=88) were university graduates and 54.0% (n=88) were single. The median knowledge score of the participants was 6 (1stquartile 4; 3rdquartile 6). Of the participants, 17.8% (n=29) had regular gynecological examination, and only 19.2% (n=23) had a Pap smear test. The knowledge score of those with university degrees was higher than those with high school or lower education (Z=3.21; p=0.001), married women had higher knowledge scores compared to the single ones (Z=2.89; p=0.004), and those who had a Pap smear test had higher knowledge scores than those who did not (Z=2.85; p=0.004).

Conclusions: Although the knowledge level of primary care health care providers about cervical cancer and Pap smear was high, their practices were not in accordance with the knowledge. On the other hand, considering that the participants were health workers, better results could be expected. Primary care health professionals have a duty to transfer and implement preventive health services to society. Thus, it is regarded as useful to increase in-service training and improve the knowledge and behavior of women working in primary health care services on cervical cancer.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Published Date Aug 2019
Journal Section Original Research
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-0835-2740
Author: Dincer Atila (Primary Author)
Institution: Menemen Family Health Center No.1, Izmir, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-9943-7602
Author: Ferhat Ekinci
Institution: Yildirim County Health Directorate, Bursa, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0002-4794-8793
Author: Mehpare Altay
Institution: Van Ipekyolu Family Health Center No.3, Van, Turkey
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : August 20, 2019

Bibtex @research article { fppc460407, journal = {Family Practice and Palliative Care}, issn = {2458-8865}, eissn = {2459-1505}, address = {}, publisher = {SERNEV}, year = {2019}, volume = {4}, pages = {39 - 45}, doi = {10.22391/fppc.460407}, title = {Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors about cervical cancer among women working in primary ‎health care ‎services in Van}, key = {cite}, author = {Atila, Dincer and Ekinci, Ferhat and Altay, Mehpare} }
APA Atila, D , Ekinci, F , Altay, M . (2019). Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors about cervical cancer among women working in primary ‎health care ‎services in Van. Family Practice and Palliative Care , 4 (2) , 39-45 . DOI: 10.22391/fppc.460407
MLA Atila, D , Ekinci, F , Altay, M . "Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors about cervical cancer among women working in primary ‎health care ‎services in Van". Family Practice and Palliative Care 4 (2019 ): 39-45 <http://www.fppc.com.tr/en/issue/48029/460407>
Chicago Atila, D , Ekinci, F , Altay, M . "Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors about cervical cancer among women working in primary ‎health care ‎services in Van". Family Practice and Palliative Care 4 (2019 ): 39-45
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors about cervical cancer among women working in primary ‎health care ‎services in Van AU - Dincer Atila , Ferhat Ekinci , Mehpare Altay Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.22391/fppc.460407 DO - 10.22391/fppc.460407 T2 - Family Practice and Palliative Care JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 39 EP - 45 VL - 4 IS - 2 SN - 2458-8865-2459-1505 M3 - doi: 10.22391/fppc.460407 UR - https://doi.org/10.22391/fppc.460407 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Family Practice and Palliative Care Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors about cervical cancer among women working in primary ‎health care ‎services in Van %A Dincer Atila , Ferhat Ekinci , Mehpare Altay %T Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors about cervical cancer among women working in primary ‎health care ‎services in Van %D 2019 %J Family Practice and Palliative Care %P 2458-8865-2459-1505 %V 4 %N 2 %R doi: 10.22391/fppc.460407 %U 10.22391/fppc.460407
ISNAD Atila, Dincer , Ekinci, Ferhat , Altay, Mehpare . "Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors about cervical cancer among women working in primary ‎health care ‎services in Van". Family Practice and Palliative Care 4 / 2 (August 2019): 39-45 . https://doi.org/10.22391/fppc.460407
AMA Atila D , Ekinci F , Altay M . Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors about cervical cancer among women working in primary ‎health care ‎services in Van. Fam Pract Palliat Care. 2019; 4(2): 39-45.
Vancouver Atila D , Ekinci F , Altay M . Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors about cervical cancer among women working in primary ‎health care ‎services in Van. Family Practice and Palliative Care. 2019; 4(2): 45-39.