Year 2019, Volume 4 , Issue 3, Pages 102 - 107 2019-12-31

Tip 2 Diyabet hastalarının hastalıkları, tedavisi ve tedavi yan etkileri hususundaki farkındalıklarının değerlendirilmesi
Evaluation of the awareness regarding Type 2 Diabetes, its management and adverse effects of the treatment among the patients with Type 2 Diabetes

Banu Tatar [1] , Nizameddin Koca [2] , Canan Ersoy [3]


Giriş: Diyabetes Mellitus (DM) tedavisi sadece sürekli tıbbi bakımı değil aynı zamanda komplikasyonlardan korunmak için risk azaltma stratejilerini de içerir. Hastaların DM ve diyabetle ilgili komplikasyonlar (DIK) hakkındaki bilgi ve farkındalıklarını artırmak, DM yönetimi için çok önemlidir. DM ve DIK ile ilgili farkındalık, hastaların diyet planlarına ve yaşam tarzı değişikliklerine uyumda daha istekli davranmalarını sağlayarak bizlerin hastaya özel hedefler belirlememize yardımcı olacaktır. Bu çalışmada diyabet hastalarının DM, DM yönetimi ve DIK hakkındaki farkındalık seviyelerini belirlemek istiyoruz..

Yöntem: Çalışmaya tip 2 Diyabetes Mellituslu (T2DM) toplam 300 yetişkin hasta (179 kadın, 121 erkek) dahil edildi. Veriler yüz yüze görüşmelere dayanan bir anket aracılığıyla toplanmıştır. Her bir katılımcı için toplam anket puanı (TAP), her bir doğru cevap 1 puan alınarak hesaplandı ve TAP aralığı 0-24 arasında değerlendirildi

Bulgular: Kadınların puanı erkeklerin puanından yüksekti (14.72±3.14 vs. 13.07±3.30, p <0,001). Çalışmayan hastaların farkındalıkları daha yüksekti (14.53±3.22 vs. 13.64±3.31, p = 0,019). Düşük eğitimli ve yüksek eğitimli katılımcılar arasında farkındalık açısından anlamlı bir fark gözlenmedi. Tedavi kombinasyonlarında insülin, anti-hipertansif ve lipid düşürücü ilaç kullanan hastalarda TAP skorları anlamlı derecede yüksek bulundu. Vücut kitle indeksi, kalça çevresi, diyastolik kan basıncı ve diyabet yaşı ile farkındalık arasında anlamlı bir korelasyon olduğu gözlendi.

Sonuç:  Çalışmamıza katılan hastaların ortalama farkındalık puanı 14 puan olarak gözlendi. En yüksek farkındalık düzeyinde alınabilecek maksimum puan 24 olduğundan hastalarımızın farkındalık düzeyi %58 olarak değerlendirilebilir. Diyabete bağlı morbidite, mortalite ve ekonomik maliyetleri göz önüne alarak, daha yüksek tedavi başarısını elde etmek için hasta eğitimine daha fazla önem verilmesi gerektiği söylenebilir.

Introduction: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) management requires not only continuous medical care but also risk reduction strategies to prevent complications. Improving patients’ knowledge and awareness about DM and diabetes-related complications (DRC) is crucial for the management of DM. Increased awareness about DM and DRC, which leads to an eagerness to follow-up diet plans, and lifestyle modifications would help us to establish patient-specific goals. In this study, we would like to determine the awareness levels of diabetic patients about DM, DM management and DRC.

Methods: Total of 300 adult patients (179 female, 121 male) with type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) were included in this study. The data was collected through a survey based on face-to-face interviews. Total Survey score (TSP) for each participant was calculated by taking 1 point for each correct answer and TSP interval was evaluated between 0-24 points..

Results: The score of women was higher than that of men (14.72±3.14 vs. 13.07±3.30, p <0.001). Patients who did not work were more aware (14.53±3.22 vs. 13.64±3.31, p = 0.019). No significant difference in terms of awareness was observed between low educated and high-educated participants. Patients who had insulin in their treatment combination, anti-hypertensive, and lipid-lowering drug user had significantly higher TSP scores. A significant correlation was observed in BMI, HC, DBP, and age of Diabetes with awareness.

Conclusions: The mean awareness score of the patients who participated in our study was 14 points. Since the maximum score that can be obtained at the highest awareness level is 24, the awareness level of our patients can be evaluated as 58%. Considering the morbidity, mortality and economic costs associated with diabetes, it can be said that more attention should be paid to patient education in order to achieve higher treatment success.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Medicine
Published Date Dec 2019
Journal Section Original Research
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0002-4319-1981
Author: Banu Tatar
Institution: Department of Internal Medicine, Bursa Yuksek Ihtisas Training & Research Hospital, Bursa
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-1457-4366
Author: Nizameddin Koca (Primary Author)
Institution: Department of Internal Medicine, Bursa Yuksek Ihtisas Training & Research Hospital, Bursa
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-4510-6282
Author: Canan Ersoy
Institution: Division of Endocrinology & Metabolism, Faculty of Medicine, Uludag University, Bursa
Country: Turkey


Dates

Application Date : July 28, 2019
Acceptance Date : September 12, 2019
Publication Date : December 31, 2019

Bibtex @research article { fppc597657, journal = {Family Practice and Palliative Care}, issn = {2458-8865}, eissn = {2459-1505}, address = {}, publisher = {SERNEV}, year = {2019}, volume = {4}, pages = {102 - 107}, doi = {10.22391/fppc.597657}, title = {Evaluation of the awareness regarding Type 2 Diabetes, its management and adverse effects of the treatment among the patients with Type 2 Diabetes}, key = {cite}, author = {Tatar, Banu and Koca, Nizameddin and Ersoy, Canan} }
APA Tatar, B , Koca, N , Ersoy, C . (2019). Evaluation of the awareness regarding Type 2 Diabetes, its management and adverse effects of the treatment among the patients with Type 2 Diabetes. Family Practice and Palliative Care , 4 (3) , 102-107 . DOI: 10.22391/fppc.597657
MLA Tatar, B , Koca, N , Ersoy, C . "Evaluation of the awareness regarding Type 2 Diabetes, its management and adverse effects of the treatment among the patients with Type 2 Diabetes". Family Practice and Palliative Care 4 (2019 ): 102-107 <http://www.fppc.com.tr/en/issue/50274/597657>
Chicago Tatar, B , Koca, N , Ersoy, C . "Evaluation of the awareness regarding Type 2 Diabetes, its management and adverse effects of the treatment among the patients with Type 2 Diabetes". Family Practice and Palliative Care 4 (2019 ): 102-107
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Evaluation of the awareness regarding Type 2 Diabetes, its management and adverse effects of the treatment among the patients with Type 2 Diabetes AU - Banu Tatar , Nizameddin Koca , Canan Ersoy Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.22391/fppc.597657 DO - 10.22391/fppc.597657 T2 - Family Practice and Palliative Care JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 102 EP - 107 VL - 4 IS - 3 SN - 2458-8865-2459-1505 M3 - doi: 10.22391/fppc.597657 UR - https://doi.org/10.22391/fppc.597657 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Family Practice and Palliative Care Evaluation of the awareness regarding Type 2 Diabetes, its management and adverse effects of the treatment among the patients with Type 2 Diabetes %A Banu Tatar , Nizameddin Koca , Canan Ersoy %T Evaluation of the awareness regarding Type 2 Diabetes, its management and adverse effects of the treatment among the patients with Type 2 Diabetes %D 2019 %J Family Practice and Palliative Care %P 2458-8865-2459-1505 %V 4 %N 3 %R doi: 10.22391/fppc.597657 %U 10.22391/fppc.597657
ISNAD Tatar, Banu , Koca, Nizameddin , Ersoy, Canan . "Evaluation of the awareness regarding Type 2 Diabetes, its management and adverse effects of the treatment among the patients with Type 2 Diabetes". Family Practice and Palliative Care 4 / 3 (December 2020): 102-107 . https://doi.org/10.22391/fppc.597657
AMA Tatar B , Koca N , Ersoy C . Evaluation of the awareness regarding Type 2 Diabetes, its management and adverse effects of the treatment among the patients with Type 2 Diabetes. Fam Pract Palliat Care. 2019; 4(3): 102-107.
Vancouver Tatar B , Koca N , Ersoy C . Evaluation of the awareness regarding Type 2 Diabetes, its management and adverse effects of the treatment among the patients with Type 2 Diabetes. Family Practice and Palliative Care. 2019; 4(3): 107-102.