Year 2019, Volume 4 , Issue 2, Pages 51 - 56 2019-08-30

Bir kardiyoloji polikliniğinde hipertansiyon ve obezite yaygınlığı: Kesitsel bir araştırma‎
Hypertension and obesity in cardiology outpatients: a cross-sectional study

Dincer Atila [1] , Onur Dalgic [2] , Yasemin Kilic Ozturk [3]


Giriş: Aterosklerotik kardiyovasküler hastalıklar bütün dünyada erken ölüm nedenlerinin başında yer ‎almaktadır. Türkiye’de gerek hipertansiyon, gerekse obezite yaygınlığı yüksek olup, her ikisi de %30 civarındadır‎. ‎Bu çalışmada kardiyoloji polikliniğine başvuran kişilerde hipertansiyon yaygınlığının belirlenmesi ve obezite ile hipertansiyon ilişkisinin araştırılması amaçlanmıştır.

Yöntem: Tanımlayıcı-kesitsel tasarımdaki bu araştırma 15 Ocak – 28 Şubat 2018 tarihleri arasında Medical Park İzmir Hastanesi ‎kardiyoloji polikliniğinde yürütülmüştür. Polikliniğe belirtilen tarihlerde başvuran 256 kişiden 55’inin verileri analiz edilmiştir.‎ Katılımcıların sistolik ve diyastolik kan basınçları, boy, ağırlık, cinsiyet, yaş kategorisi, öğrenim ‎durumu, medeni durum ve bilinen hipertansiyon varlığı hakkında veri toplanmıştır.‎

Bulgular: Katılımcıların 35’i (%63,6) erkek, 20’si (%36,4) kadındı. Yaş ortalaması ‎‎44,60±11,03 ‎idi. Çalışmaya katılanlarda vücut kitle indeksi (VKİ) ortalaması 28,18±3,89 idi; ‎‎%85,4 kilolu veya obez sınıfındaydı. ‎Sistolik ve diyastolik kan basıncı ortalamaları sırasıyla 140,09±7,99 mmHg ve 90,69±7,07 ‎mmHg idi. Katılımcıların 31’inde (%56,4) sistolik, 34’ünde (%61,8) diyastolik, ‎‎37’sinde (%67,3) ise sistolik veya diyastolik hipertansiyon bulunmaktaydı. ‎Hipertansiyon tespit edilen 37 kişiden 26’sında (%70,2) hipertansiyon öyküsü ‎bulunmamaktaydı.‎ Regresyon analizinde cinsiyetin yüksek kan basıncı için diğer faktörlerden bağımsız bir şekilde ‎belirleyici olduğu saptandı (p=0,005; odds oranı=6,4).

Sonuç: Kardiyoloji polikliniğine başvuran kişiler arasında hipertansiyon ve ‎obezite oranları yüksektir. Sık görülen sağlık sorunlarının yönetilmesinde yetkin olması beklenen ve ‎koruyucu sağlık uygulamalarına odaklı aile hekimlerinin hipertansiyon ve obeziteyle mücadelede ‎daha etkin rol almaları gerekmektedir.‎

Introduction: Atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of death worldwide. Both hypertension and obesity are frequent in Turkey and are seen in around 30% of the population. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of hypertension and to investigate its relationship with obesity in patients admitted to a cardiology outpatient clinic.

Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted between the 15th of January and the 28th of February 2018 at the Medical Park İzmir Hospital Cardiology Polyclinics. Data were collected from 55 out of 256 people who were referred to the clinic on the specified dates. Data were collected about systolic and diastolic blood pressures, height, weight, gender, age category, educational status, marital status, and history of hypertension.

Results: Of the participants, 35 (63.6%) were men, and 20 (36.4%) were women. The mean age and body mass index values were 44.60±11.03and 28.18±3.89kg/m2, respectively. In total, 85.4% were overweight or obese. The mean systolic and diastolic blood pressures were 140.09±7.99 mmHg and 90.69±7.07 mmHg, respectively. 31 (56.4%) patients had systolic, 34 (61.8%) had diastolic, and 37 (67.3%) had systolic or diastolic hypertension. Of those with hypertension, 26 (70.2%) were not aware of their condition. In the regression analysis, gender was the only independent factor predicting high blood pressure (p=0.005; odds ratio=6.4).

Conclusion: Hypertension and obesity were common among patients in the cardiology outpatient clinics. Family physicians are expected to be competent in managing common health problems and are focused on preventive health practices, and thus, they should take a more active role in the struggle against hypertension and obesity.

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Primary Language en
Subjects Health Care Sciences and Services
Journal Section Original Research
Authors

Orcid: 0000-0003-0835-2740
Author: Dincer Atila (Primary Author)
Institution: Family Health Center No 1, Menemen, Izmir
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0001-9929-1407
Author: Onur Dalgic
Institution: Medical Park Izmir Hospital, Department of Cardiology, Izmir
Country: Turkey


Orcid: 0000-0003-1463-6627
Author: Yasemin Kilic Ozturk
Institution: Health University, Tepecik Education and Research Hospital, Department of Family Medicine, Izmir
Country: Turkey


Dates

Publication Date : August 30, 2019

Bibtex @research article { fppc483544, journal = {Family Practice and Palliative Care}, issn = {2458-8865}, eissn = {2459-1505}, address = {}, publisher = {SERNEV}, year = {2019}, volume = {4}, pages = {51 - 56}, doi = {10.22391/fppc.483544}, title = {Hypertension and obesity in cardiology outpatients: a cross-sectional study}, key = {cite}, author = {Atila, Dincer and Dalgic, Onur and Ozturk, Yasemin Kilic} }
APA Atila, D , Dalgic, O , Ozturk, Y . (2019). Hypertension and obesity in cardiology outpatients: a cross-sectional study. Family Practice and Palliative Care , 4 (2) , 51-56 . DOI: 10.22391/fppc.483544
MLA Atila, D , Dalgic, O , Ozturk, Y . "Hypertension and obesity in cardiology outpatients: a cross-sectional study". Family Practice and Palliative Care 4 (2019 ): 51-56 <http://www.fppc.com.tr/en/issue/48029/483544>
Chicago Atila, D , Dalgic, O , Ozturk, Y . "Hypertension and obesity in cardiology outpatients: a cross-sectional study". Family Practice and Palliative Care 4 (2019 ): 51-56
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Hypertension and obesity in cardiology outpatients: a cross-sectional study AU - Dincer Atila , Onur Dalgic , Yasemin Kilic Ozturk Y1 - 2019 PY - 2019 N1 - doi: 10.22391/fppc.483544 DO - 10.22391/fppc.483544 T2 - Family Practice and Palliative Care JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 51 EP - 56 VL - 4 IS - 2 SN - 2458-8865-2459-1505 M3 - doi: 10.22391/fppc.483544 UR - https://doi.org/10.22391/fppc.483544 Y2 - 2019 ER -
EndNote %0 Family Practice and Palliative Care Hypertension and obesity in cardiology outpatients: a cross-sectional study %A Dincer Atila , Onur Dalgic , Yasemin Kilic Ozturk %T Hypertension and obesity in cardiology outpatients: a cross-sectional study %D 2019 %J Family Practice and Palliative Care %P 2458-8865-2459-1505 %V 4 %N 2 %R doi: 10.22391/fppc.483544 %U 10.22391/fppc.483544
ISNAD Atila, Dincer , Dalgic, Onur , Ozturk, Yasemin Kilic . "Hypertension and obesity in cardiology outpatients: a cross-sectional study". Family Practice and Palliative Care 4 / 2 (August 2019): 51-56 . https://doi.org/10.22391/fppc.483544
AMA Atila D , Dalgic O , Ozturk Y . Hypertension and obesity in cardiology outpatients: a cross-sectional study. Fam Pract Palliat Care. 2019; 4(2): 51-56.
Vancouver Atila D , Dalgic O , Ozturk Y . Hypertension and obesity in cardiology outpatients: a cross-sectional study. Family Practice and Palliative Care. 2019; 4(2): 56-51.